The Largest Cars Ever Made in the World
Unimog is the largest cars ever made. Unimog is a range of multi-purpose auto four wheel drive medium trucks produced by Mercedes-Benz, a division of Daimler AG. Daimler Benz took over manufacture of the Unimog in 1951 and they are currently built in the Mercedes truck plant in Wörth am Rhein in Germany. Another Mercedes-Benz Türk A.Ş. plant assembles Unimogs in Aksaray, Turkey. This largest cars were also built in Argentina until the first years of the 1980s, in the González Catán factory.
The first model of this largest cars was designed shortly after World War II to be used in agriculture as a self-propelled machine providing a power take-off to operate saws in forests or harvesting machines on fields. This largest cars was designed with permanent 4WD with equal size wheels in order to be driven on roads at higher speeds than standard farm tractors.
This largest cars have very high ground clearance made possible by portal gears that allow the axles and transmission to be higher than the tires’ centers. This largest cars also feature a flexible frame that allows the tires a wide range of vertical movement to allow the truck to comfortably drive over extremely uneven terrain, even boulders of one metre in height. They are equipped with high visibility driving cabs to enable the operator to see the terrain and more easily manipulate mounted tools.
The largest cars model with the largest single-design production run is the Unimog 404.1. It is powered by a 2.2-litre M180 watercooled Mercedes-Benz petrol engine that produced 80 horsepower (60 kW) as standard. This engine was based on that offered in Mercedes-Benz 220 cars and more power was available, up to 145 horsepower (108 kW), with high compression heads. The largest cars was available with the 2,8-litre M130 petrol engine that produced 110 horsepower (82 kW) as standard with up to 185 horsepower (138 kW) available with high compression heads and fuel injection.