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Top 10 Largest Desert in the World

Monday, October 31st 2011. | Largest


Here are the list of 10 largest desert in the world. A desert is a landscape or region that receives an extremely low amount of precipitation, less than enough to support growth of most plants. Most deserts have an average annual precipitation of less than 400 millimetres (16 in). Deserts can also be described as areas where more water is lost by evapotranspiration than falls as precipitation. Here’s the largest desert in the world, Hope you don’t have to deal with these largest desert in your life 🙂

10. Kara-Kum Desert, Uzbekistan / Turkmenistan 135,000 km²

Largest desert Kara-Kum Desert

Largest desert Kara-Kum Desert

The Karakum Desert is a largest desert desert in Central Asia and the 10th largest desert in the world. It occupies about 70 percent, or 350,000 km², of the area of Turkmenistan. The population is sparse, with an average of one person per 6.5 km² (one person per 2.5 square miles). Rainfall is equally sparse, where precipitation comes maybe once a decade. Covering much of present day Turkmenistan, the Karakum Desert lies east of the Caspian Sea, with the Aral Sea to the north and the Amu Darya river and the Kyzyl Kum desert to the northeast.

 

9. Great Sandy Desert, Australia 150,000 km²

Largest desert Great Sandy Desert, Australia

Largest desert Great Sandy Desert, Australia

The Great Sandy Desert is a largest desert located in the North West of Western Australia straddling the Pilbara and southern Kimberley regions. It is the second largest desert in Australia after the Great Victoria Desert and encompasses an area of 284,993 square kilometres (110,036 sq mi) The Gibson Desert lies to the south and the Tanami Desert lies to the East of the Great Sandy Desert. The Great Sandy Desert contains large Ergs, often consisting of longitudinal dunes. The Wolfe Creek meteorite impact crater is located in the northeast.

 

8. Chihuahuan Desert, Mexico – 175,000 km²

Largest desert Chihuahuan Desert, Mexico

Largest desert Chihuahuan Desert, Mexico

The Chihuahuan Desert is a desert, and an ecoregion designation, that straddles the U.S.-Mexico border in the central and northern portions of the Mexican Plateau, bordered on the west by the extensive Sierra Madre Occidental range, and overlaying northern portions of the east range, the Sierra Madre Oriental. On the U.S. side it occupies the valleys and basins of central and southern New Mexico, Texas west of the Pecos River and southeastern Arizona; south of the border, it covers the northern half of the Mexican state of Chihuahua, most of Coahuila, north-east portion of Durango, extreme northern portion of Zacatecas and small western portions of Nuevo León. largest desert with an area of about 362,000 km2 (139,769 sq mi), it is the third largest desert of the Western Hemisphere and the second largest in North America, after the Great Basin Desert.

 

7. Great Basin Desert, USA 190,000 km²

Largest desert Great Basin Desert, USA

Largest desert Great Basin Desert, USA

The Great Basin Desert is largest desert an area of nearctic high deserts across parts of Nevada, California, and Utah that extends into the Colorado River watershed (Clark & Lincoln counties on the southeast), but which is mostly a portion of the central Nevada desert basins of the Great Basin. It along with the Mohave Desert, the Chihuahuan Desert, and the Sonoran Desert are the four deserts of the United States. The latter three are more typical hot deserts, whereas the Great Basin Desert is a cold desert. It owes its existence to the rain shadow effect of the Sierra Nevada to the west.

 

6. Great Victoria Desert, Australia 250,000 km²

Largest desert Great Victoria Desert, Australia

Largest desert Great Victoria Desert, Australia

The Great Victoria is the largest desert in Australia and consists of many small sandhills, grassland plains, areas with a closely packed surface of pebbles (called desert pavement or gibber plains) and salt lakes. It is over 700 kilometres (430 mi) wide (from west to east) and covers an area of 424,400 square kilometres (163,900 sq mi) from the Eastern Goldfields region of Western Australia to the Gawler Ranges in South Australia. The Western Australia Mallee shrub ecoregion lies to the west, the Little Sandy Desert to the northwest, the Gibson Desert and the Central Ranges xeric shrublands to the north, the Tirari and Sturt Stony deserts to the east, while the Nullarbor Plain to the south separates it from the Southern Ocean.

 

5. Patagonia Desert, Argentina 260,000 km²

Largest desert Patagonia Desert, Argentina

Largest desert Patagonia Desert, Argentina

The Patagonian Desert, also known as the Patagonia Desert or the Patagonian Steppe, is the largest desert in Argentina occupying 673,000 square kilometers (260,000 mi²). It is located primarily in Argentina with small parts in Chile and is bounded by the Andes, to its west, and the Atlantic Ocean to its east, in the region of Patagonia, southern Argentina. To the north the desert grades into the semi-arid Cuyo Region and the Dry and Humid Pampas. The central parts of the steppe are dominated by shrubby and herbaceous plant species albeit to the west, where precipitation is higher, bushes are replaced by grasses.

 

4. Kalahari Desert, Southern Africa 360,000 km²

Largest desert Kalahari Desert, Southern Africa

Largest desert Kalahari Desert, Southern Africa

The Kalahari Desert is a largest desert semi-arid sandy savannah in Southern Africa extending 900,000 square kilometres (350,000 sq mi), covering much of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa, as semi-desert, with huge tracts of excellent grazing after good rains. The Kalahari supports more animals and plants than a true desert. There are small amounts of rainfall and the summer temperature is very high. It usually receives 3–7.5 inches (76–190 mm) of rain per year. The surrounding Kalahari Basin covers over 2,500,000 square kilometres (970,000 sq mi) extending farther into Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and encroaching into parts of Angola, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

 

3. Gobi Desert, Mongolia / N.E China 500,000 km²

Largest desert Gobi Desert, Mongolia

Largest desert Gobi Desert, Mongolia

The Gobi is a largest desert region in Asia. It covers parts of northern and northwestern China, and of southern Mongolia. The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest, and by the North China Plain to the southeast. The Gobi is most notable in history as part of the great Mongol Empire, and as the location of several important cities along the Silk Road. The Gobi measures over 1,610 km (1,000 mi) from southwest to northeast and 800 km (500 mi) from north to south. The desert is widest in the west, along the line joining the Lake Bosten and the Lop Nor (87°-89° east). It occupies an arc of land 1,295,000 km2 (500,002 sq mi) in area as of 2007, making it fifth largest in the world and Asia’s largest. Much of the Gobi is not sandy but is covered with bare rock.

 

2. Arabian Desert, peninsula 900,000 km²

Largest desert Arabian Desert, peninsula

Largest desert Arabian Desert, peninsula

The Arabian Desert is a vast desert wilderness stretching from Yemen to the Persian Gulf and Oman to Jordan and Iraq. This largest desert occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of 2,330,000 square kilometers (900,000 sq mi). At its centre is the Rub’al-Khali, one of the largest continuous bodies of sand in the world. Gazelles, oryx, sand cats, and spiny-tailed lizards are just some of the desert-adapted species that survive in this extreme environment, which features everything from red dunes to deadly quicksand.

 

1.  Sahara Desert, North Africa 3,400,000 km²

Largest desert Sahara Desert, North Africa

Largest desert Sahara Desert, North Africa

The Sahara is the world’s largest desert. At over 9,400,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi), it covers most of Northern Africa, making it almost as large as Europe or the United States. The Sahara stretches from the Red Sea, including parts of the Mediterranean coasts, to the outskirts of the Atlantic Ocean. To the south, it is delimited by the Sahel, a belt of semi-arid tropical savanna that composes the northern region of central and western Sub-Saharan Africa. Some of the sand dunes can reach 180 metres (590 ft) in height. The highest peak is Emi Kous si in the Tibesti Mountains in northern Chad in this largest desert .


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